MIL-S-901: Military specification for High Impact mechanical shock which applies to equipment mounted on ships.

Military Specification MIL-S-901 is a military specification for High Impact mechanical shock which applies to equipment mounted on ships. Two levels apply. Grade A items are items which are essential to the safety and continued combat capability of the ship. Grade B items are items whose operation is not essential to the safety and combat capability of the ship but which could become a hazard to personnel, to Grade A items, or to the ship as a whole as a result of exposure to shock. “Grade C”, signifying that no shock qualification is required, is also sometimes referenced in acquisition documents even though the term has no official standing in the specification document.. Qualification testing is performed on a specified machine or on a barge floating in a pond where an explosive charge is detonated at various distances and depths in the pond to impart shock to the barges.

The MIL-S-901D specification covers shock testing requirements for ship board machinery, equipment, systems, and structures, excluding submarine pressure hull penetrations. The purpose of these requirements is to verify the ability of shipboard installations to withstand shock loadings which may be incurred during wartime service due to the effects of nuclear or conventional weapons.

Tests shall be classified in accordance with one of the following test categories, as specified:

Lightweight The lightweight test is a test performed on the lightweight shock machine. The weight of the test item including fixture to attach it to the test machine shall be less than 550 pounds.
Medium weight The medium-weight test is a test performed on the medium weight shock machine. The weight of the test item including fixture to attach it to the test machine shall be less than 7,400 pounds.
Heavyweight The heavyweight test is a test performed on a standard or large floating shock platform.

Items to be tested shall be classified in accordance with one of the following grades, as specified:

Grade A Grade A items are items which are essential to the safety and continued combat capability of the ship.
Grade B Grade B items are items whose operation is not essential to the safety and combat capability of the ship but which could become a hazard to personnel, to grade A items, or to the ship as a whole as a result of exposure to shock.

Items to be tested shall be classified in accordance with one of the following classes, as specified:

Class I Class I equipment is defined as that which is required to meet these shock requirements without the use of resilient mountings installed between the equipment and the ship structure or foundation.
Class II
Class II equipment is defined as that which is required to meet these shock requirements with the use of resilient mountings installed between the equipment and the ship structure or shipboard foundation.
Class III Unless otherwise specified, class III equipment is defined as that which has shipboard application both with and without the use of resilient mountings and is therefore required to meet both class I and class II requirements.

Tests shall be classified in accordance with one of the following types, as specified:

Type A Type A test is a test of a principal unit. This is the preferred test. Principal units are items that are directly supported by the ship structure or by a foundation that is directly attached to the ship structure, and items mounted in piping systems, ducting systems, and similar systems that are supported by ship structure. The shock response of a principal unit is primarily a function of the rigidity and mass of the item and the shipboard mounting structure, the shipboard mounting location, and the configuration of the item. Such items typically include diesel-generator sets, air conditioning plants, switchboards, radio transmitters, steam generators, missile launchers, and valves (if installed in piping which is supported by ship structure).
Type B
Type B test is a test of a subsidiary component. Subsidiary components are items that are the major parts of a principal unit. The shock response of the subsidiary component is significantly affected by that of the associated principal unit and all associated subsidiary components. The shock responses of the associated principal unit and all associated subsidiary components are significantly affected by that of the subsidiary component. Examples are the diesel engine of a diesel-generator set, the electric motor of an air conditioning unit, or the power supply section of a radio transmitter.
Type C Type C test is a test of a subassembly. Subassemblies are items that are a part of a principal unit or a subsidiary component. The shock response of the subassembly is significantly affected by that of the associated principal unit or subsidiary component, but the shock response of the principal unit or subsidiary component is not significantly affected by the subassembly. Examples are thermometers, gauges, meters, relays, and resistors. The distinction between subassembly and assembly or part as used herein may be different than that used in various equipment specifications or other acquisition documents.

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